Important Todays Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2019

Important Current Affairs May 2019

 

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National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)

NPPA – Recently in news as it slashed prices of 9 non-scheduled cancer drugs by up to 87%.

About National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority

Government of India  with a Resolution in 1997 established the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA). It comes under as an office office attached to Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers.

NPPA has its headquarter in Delhi

Function

NPPA works as an independent regulator for pricing of drugs.  NPPA ensures accessibility and availability of medicines to people at affordable and convenient prices.

The NPPA currently fixes price of drugs on National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM) under schedule-I of Drug Price Control Orders (DPCO).


Mi-24

Important Current Affairs May 2019

India handed first pair of Mi-24 helicopters to Afghanistan

Mi-24   is a large helicopter gunship and thus Mi-24 helicopters can be used for attack purpose in a war like situation.

Mi-24 can also be used for transport missions as it has good carrying capacity and can ferry up to eight people.

Mi-24 helicopters is so designed that it can be used in locations prone to heavy ground fire to flying in troops & to take on fortified enemy positions.


Important Current Affairs May 2019

Economic Census

Economic Census is a complete count of all establishments and units located within geographical area or boundaries of a country.

Important Current Affairs May 2019

It is an exercise conducted by Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI).

Background

Timeline of Economic Census:

The first Economic Census was undertaken in 1977.

The 2nd edition was carried out in 1980 and the  3rd  Economic census took place in 1990.

The 4th Economic Census took place in 1998.

 The 5th Economic Census  was held in 2005.

The Sixth edition of Economic Census was conducted in 2013.

Currently Workshop for 7th Economic census is underway 

Objective

It provides detailed information on:

  • Operational and economic variables, activity wise,
  • Number of establishments,
  • Number of persons employed,
  • Source of finance,
  • Type of ownership, etc.

The details about establishments across country include their distribution at all-India, State, district, village and ward levels.

This is used for comprehensive analysis of structure of economy (macro, micro, regional levels) and for benchmark purposes.

Significance

The database so collected also serves as a sampling frame for drawing samples for socio economic surveys by Government and research organizations.

This information is used for micro level or decentralized planning and to assess contribution of various sectors of economy in gross domestic product (GDP).

 

 

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